Nairobi: The situation in Sudan’s forgotten East – without deadly conflict since the 2006 Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) – stands in contrast to the fighting besetting the country’s other peripheries. But this peace is increasingly fragile. Seven years after the ESPA’s signing, the conflict’s root causes remain and in some respects are more acute, due to the failure to implement many of the agreement’s core provisions. Mirroring elsewhere in the country, with no sign of genuine efforts by Khartoum to address the situation, conflict could erupt in the East again and lead to further national fragmentation.
On 6 and 7 December 2012, at a conference convened by the Centre for Human Rights in collaboration with the Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria, a group of interdisciplinary academics, policymakers and practitioners in the areas of international peace and security with a special focus on Africa, considered and affirmed the Pretoria Principles on ending mass atrocities pursuant to Article 4(h) of the Constitutive Act of the African Union, set out below.
Addis Ababa: The 2nd Annual High Level Dialogue on Governance and Democracy in Africa: Trends, Challenges and Prospects took place in Dakar, Senegal, from the 25 to 27 November 2013. The consultation was attended by representatives from African Union Organs, Member States of the African Union, United Nations agencies, development partners, think tnks, civil society and academics.
Addis Ababa: The proposed agreement on trade facilitation is one of the key issues on the negotiators’ table in the run-up to the World Trade Organisation Ministerial Conference, to be held in Bali, Indonesia, from 3 to 6 December 2013. In this context, this paper provides a thorough analysis of key trade facilitation issues from an African perspective, highlighting what is at stake for the continent, thereby contributing to inform the opinions of African negotiators at a critical juncture.
Addis Ababa: In June 2013, Egyptians took to the streets to protest against President Mohamed Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood government. The protest against Morsi was aided in no small measure by the Tamarod (rebellion in Arabic) - a movement established with the primary goal of collecting 15 million signatures by 30 June 2013, the day Morsi completed one year in office, and force him to resign. Morsi largely ignored the uprising, until the army gave him a 48-hour ultimatum to resolve the matter or resign. At the expiry of the ultimatum, on July 3, 2013, the army moved against Morsi.
Addis Ababa: We, the Ministers of Trade of the Member States of the African Union meeting in Addis Ababa on the 24th and 25th October 2013 in the Eighth Ordinary Session of the AU Conference of the Ministers of Trade in order to review the progress made so far in the WTO negotiations in the lead up to the 9th Ministerial Conference of the WTO (MC9) from 3 to 6 December 2013, in Bali, Indonesia;
Khartoum: Government and African political parties' council have agreed on Sudan as seat for African Political Parties' Council, with the Sudanese state minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs signing for Sudan, and Dr. Nafie Ali Nafie, the secretary general of the council, for the latter. Following signing of the agreement, Dr Nafie said the move came within the context of implementing an earlier unanimous recommendation naming Sudan as the seat of the council.
Brussels: The APF has been a game changer in terms of making possible a growing number of African-led responses to political crises on the continent. Since 2004, the APF has funded a number of major PSOs, including AMISOM in Somalia and AFISMA in Mali, which have been authorised and executed by the AU and regional organisations. By providing the resources for these bodies to act, the APF has enabled collective African security actions anchored in the nascent Peace and Security Council’s political role which has enabled it to be tested and put into action. In addition, it has provided extensive support for operationalisation of APSA which might otherwise not have occurred due to African resource constraints and variable commitment by African states to the APSA project.
Washington: The Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, has grown weaker in the past two years as the Ugandan-led and U.S.-supported counter-LRA African Union Regional Task Force, or AU-RTF, has pursued its mission to eliminate the rebel group. The regional force, however, lacks the logistical capacity and authorization to access key areas where LRA groups operate in remote parts of three countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or DRC; the Central African Republic, or CAR; and the Kafia Kingi enclave in South Darfur, Sudan. The endgame of removing LRA leader Joseph Kony from the battlefield and neutralizing the LRA is imperiled by the lack of access to wide swathes of Central Africa where the group still hides. The AU forces must secure access to those areas as well as additional helicopter assets to increase rapid force mobility in order for the mission to succeed.
The African Union-European Union Dialogue on Human Rights provides an important opportunity to highlight crucial human rights developments in both Africa and Europe. Progress is being made on a range of human rights issues in an array of countries, but daunting challenges remain. Human Rights Watch is concerned by some of the negative trends, particularly in Africa regarding the respect for human rights defenders and violations of the rights to freedom of association, expression, and peaceful assembly, and in the EU in relation to the rights of migrant and asylum seekers, and discrimination and intolerance towards migrants and minorities.