South-South co-operation (SSC) has re-emerged in the 2000s as a multifaceted force in international relations. Its modalities include multiple-geometry coalitions among developing countries, such as the India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) and the G20, South-South trade and investments, technological and scientific co-operation, regional and interregional integration and South-South Development Co-operation (SSDC), to mention a few. SSDC, which will be the modality of SSC focused here, has been boosted by several factors, including disappointment towards economic globalization and the social impacts of neoliberalism; the emergence of progressive governments in several southern countries; efforts made by traditional donors to reconstruct their legitimacy in international development co-operation (IDC); and a global convergence around the belief that the transfer of experiences, knowledge and policies among southern countries would be more effective in the promotion of international development (Morais 2009).
Brasilia: The conversations with Brazil's top business leaders often last two hours, and up to four. President Dilma Rousseff asks detailed questions but otherwise listens intently, staring back with an inscrutable frown that occasionally unnerves her guests. There is talk of investments, and the need for shared prosperity - a favorite topic of Rousseff's. But in these meetings, the conversation inevitably comes back to the severe bottlenecks that have brought the economy back to earth after a historic boom last decade. "Brazil needs to focus now on issues like productivity and reducing costs, because that's the only way we can grow in a sustainable fashion," said Marcelo Odebrecht, who runs a global conglomerate that bears his family's name.
Sao Paulo/Brasilia: Brazil is urging Venezuela's government to hold elections as quickly as possible if President Hugo Chavez dies, senior officials told Reuters on Monday, a major intervention by Latin America's regional powerhouse that could help ensure a smoother leadership transition in Caracas. Brazilian officials have expressed their wishes directly to Venezuelan Vice President Nicolas Maduro, the officials said on condition of anonymity. Chavez has designated Maduro as his preferred successor if he loses his battle with cancer.
Brazilian exports of goods and services have grown sharply in recent years, with sales nearly three times higher in 2010 than in 2000. When compared to other countries, the Brazilian economy shows remarkable diversification, being able to put many different products into several markets. This suggests considerable potential to expand foreign sales, because sunk costs to reach these markets have been paid. Despite such a recent positive performance, there are major concerns with Brazil’s foreign trade, as revealed by some of the indicators presented in this note:
Brasilia: The World Trade Organization needs Brazil's diplomatic and consensus-building skills to bring global trade talks back to life, Roberto Azevedo, the South American nation's candidate to head the trade club, said on Thursday. Azevedo, an experienced negotiator who has represented Brazil at the WTO, is running against eight other candidates to lead an organization struggling to remain relevant after repeated failures to reform world trade rules.
Ankara: The foreign ministers of Turkey, Brazil and Sweden, who addressed Turkish ambassadors from around the world in İzmir on Saturday at the Fifth Annual Ambassadors' Conference, underlined the importance of facing the challenges of a changing world together as they announced a new trilateral initiative. The new initiative's name is inspired by the initials of three countries as announced by Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu: Trilateral Solidarity for Building Peace.
Brasilia: Large emerging economies were hit hard in the past year - particularly in the first half - by the crisis in developed countries, with Europe in recession and the United States staging only a meager recovery. But 2012 will also be remembered as the year when structural changes in the Brazilian economy were consolidated. The global economic crisis that began in 2008 is similar to the Great Depression of the 1930's not only in terms of its depth and duration, but also in view of advanced countries' policy errors and hesitation.
This book presents a detailed portrait of the contours of South-South collaboration in the health biotechnology sector. In particular, it casts revealing light on the factors that guide effective scientific partnerships and exchanges. The authors explore these issues by combining a wide range of quantitative and qualitative methodologies, including copublications analyses, in-depth surveys of biotechnology firms and interviews with around 350 researchers, entrepreneurs and policy-makers in developing countries. The key findings indicate that the level of South-South collaboration among researchers in health biotechnology remains low but is slowly increasing and that entrepreneurial collaboration seems to be more prevalent.
Brasilia: The total tax burden paid by Brazilian taxpayers rose by 1.8 percentage points in 2011 to 35.31% of gross domestic product under the impact of economic growth and a large jump in tax collection, Brazil's tax department reported Thursday. The figure was 33.53% in 2010. Tax officials reported the federal tax burden in 2011 totaled 24.73% of GDP. States accounted for 8.63%, and municipalities accounted for 1.95%.
Rio de Janeiro: The latest figures from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) showed Wednesday that Brazil's social inequality level in 2011 fell to a 10-year low, although the income gap is still relatively large. The country's Gini index, a measure of wealth gap in a society which goes from zero to one, was 0.508 in 2011, down from the 0.559 in 2001, the IBGE said.