Nairobi: The situation in Sudan’s forgotten East – without deadly conflict since the 2006 Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (ESPA) – stands in contrast to the fighting besetting the country’s other peripheries. But this peace is increasingly fragile. Seven years after the ESPA’s signing, the conflict’s root causes remain and in some respects are more acute, due to the failure to implement many of the agreement’s core provisions. Mirroring elsewhere in the country, with no sign of genuine efforts by Khartoum to address the situation, conflict could erupt in the East again and lead to further national fragmentation.
New York: A group of independent United Nations human rights experts have urged the Kenyan Government to reject legislation that would impose severe restrictions on civil society. The bill, which was presented to Parliament on 30 October, would amend Kenya’s Public Benefit Organization Act of 2012 and grant the Government “sweeping and potentially arbitrary powers” to deny registration for such organizations, including non-governmental organizations (NGOs), according to a news release issued by the experts. “The bill is an evidence of a growing trend in Africa and elsewhere, whereby governments are trying to exert more control over independent groups using so-called ‘NGO laws’,” the experts warned.
On 6 and 7 December 2012, at a conference convened by the Centre for Human Rights in collaboration with the Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria, a group of interdisciplinary academics, policymakers and practitioners in the areas of international peace and security with a special focus on Africa, considered and affirmed the Pretoria Principles on ending mass atrocities pursuant to Article 4(h) of the Constitutive Act of the African Union, set out below.
Addis Ababa: The 2nd Annual High Level Dialogue on Governance and Democracy in Africa: Trends, Challenges and Prospects took place in Dakar, Senegal, from the 25 to 27 November 2013. The consultation was attended by representatives from African Union Organs, Member States of the African Union, United Nations agencies, development partners, think tnks, civil society and academics.
Dar es Salaam: The tripartite arrangement of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, East African Community and Southern Africa Development Community (ComesaSA-EAC–Sadc) is the most exciting trade and infrastructure development in Africa at the moment. It provides the foundation of the Continental Free Trade Area promoted by the Africa Union (AU) Commission and its partners. The main reason why the three Regional Economic Communities (RECs), decided to launch the Tripartite Programme in 2006 was to remove some of the inconsistencies and costs in regional integration brought about through overlapping memberships. Thus the Tripartite is not a new legal structure neither is it a new REC. It is an attempt to merge the Regional Organisations into the African Economic Community.
New York: Latin America remains the most unequal and most insecure region in the world, the United Nations reported today, calling for inclusive economic growth and enhanced security and justice institutions as the most efficient ways to reduce insecurity. According to the 2013-2014 Regional Human Development Report (HDR), Citizen Security with a Human Face: evidence and proposals for Latin America, the region experienced both economic growth and increased crime rates over the past decade, with more than 100,000 murders per year during that time.
Abuja: President Goodluck Jonathan Monday tasked members of the legislative arm of government within the African continent not to do anything that could lead to the collapse of democracy. President Jonathan who gave the warning in Abuja while declaring open the 1st Africa Legislative Summit 2013 organised by the National assembly in collaboration with the National Institute for Legislative Studies, with the theme, “Emerging Legislatures in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities” also said that despite the progress made in the continent, there were still threats to democracy in some countries.
Doha: Do we have the institutions as well as the political climate and will, in fact to intervene collectively as a continent in all our countries, to combat the growing glaring divide between rich or well-off African ruling elites on one hand, and the poor, disempowered African masses on the other, which militates against the achievement of the peace we seek? I would like to believe that of necessity, all of us agreet that Africa must indeed successfully address the challenge of post-conflict reconstruction in all of the many affected African countries, as required by the PSC Protocol.
Pretoria: A groundbreaking study into the threats likely to confront southern African communities over the next decade has been released. Titled Humanitarian Trends in Southern Africa: Challenges and Opportunities, the study identifies regional and global factors that may impact the lives and livelihoods of southern Africans and, as importantly, the available capacities to address these challenges. The study found that, contrary to perceptions that southern Africa has a homogeneous and ‘low-risk’ profile, the region is exposed to a range of environmental and social pressures, with 47 defined international humanitarian emergencies between 2000 and 2012.
Oxford: A diverse group of highly respected global leaders is calling for a radical shake-up in politics and business to deliver progress on climate change, reduce economic inequality, improve corporate practices and address the chronic burden of disease. Now for the Long Term, published by the Oxford Martin School at the University of Oxford, is the product of a year long process of research and debate undertaken by a group of eminent leaders on the successes and failures in addressing global challenges over recent decades.