Paris: It has taken more than two years and 120,000 deaths in Syria for the United Nations Security Council to finally cease being paralysed by vetoes and to make a decision. France is dedicated to multilateralism and to the organisation at its heart, the United Nations; this institution representing the main instrument of global political regulation in favour of peace and security. But a UN stalemate that lasts for two years, entailing dramatic human consequences, cannot be accepted by the universal conscience.
New York: The United Nations Special Advisers on the Prevention of Genocide, Mr. Adama Dieng, and on the Responsibility to Protect, Ms. Jennifer Welsh, have expressed their deep concern over the deterioration in the situation in the Central African Republic, and called on the national transitional authorities to take urgent measures to protect the population against the risk of atrocity crimes and to restore the rule of law and public order. They also urged the international community to support regional initiatives by the African Union and the Economic Community of Central African States aimed at protecting the population and preventing further abuses.
Pretoria: We, members of the Forum for Former African Heads of State and Government, commonly referred to as Africa Forum (AF), have been deeply concerned about the protracted civil war in Syria, which has now raged for two-and-a-half years. It has been our understanding from the beginning that this conflict was occasioned by serious differences among the Syrian people concerning their country’s constitutional and political system. It was also our understanding that the root cause of the conflict was and remain essentially political. Accordingly, its solution could only be political, and not military. Against this background, we have therefore held the view that the Syrian belligerents must urgently enter into inclusive negotiations to end the civil war through a peaceful process.
This series gathers six policy briefs on the so-called emerging powers' approach to the protection of civilians under international humanitarian law. In some cases there is a gaping divergence between international rhetoric and domestic practice. The series covers Brazil, India, Russia and Turkey, as well as a brief on the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.
The tragedies in Rwanda in 1994 and Srebrenica in 1995, and the ineffective international responses to halting them, resulted in two major new international initiatives aimed at improving the protection of civilian populations. On the one hand, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) dealt squarely with the political controversies surrounding intervention and sovereignty.
New York: A timely and decisive response is vital in the face of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, top United Nations officials stressed Wednesday, highlighting the need to act when a State fails to protect its own people. “This is the ultimate test of the responsibility to protect,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in his remarks to an informal interactive dialogue of the General Assembly on the principle agreed at a summit of world leaders in 2005.
London: This is a summary of discussions that took place in a closed-door study group bringing together experts from Chatham House's Middle East and North Africa, International Law and International Security programmes. With little or no prospect for a negotiated end to the civil conflict in Syria, the discussion focused on the prospects for foreign intervention across a range of options, taking into account the current diplomatic stalemate, existing lines of support to conflicting parties, and alternative international approaches that may emerge as the situation deteriorates.
Two acronyms are prominent current currency – and they happen to be the two sides of the same coin. The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and the less controversially discussed sibling Rule of Law (RoL) are for obvious reasons complementary.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today paid his respects to the victims of Srebrenica and called on the world to learn the lessons from the 1995 massacre and stop the ongoing bloodshed in Syria. "We must learn from the lessons of Srebrenica," Mr. Ban said as he visited the memorial site for the 8,000 Muslim men and boys who were killed by Bosnian Serb forces who overran Srebrenica – the largest such massacre on European soil since the founding of the United Nations.
Abuja: The Federal Government, yesterday, said it had not lost control of the security situation in the north, owing to attacks by the Islamist sect, Boko Haram, as suggested in some quarters, faulting calls for foreign assistance. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Olugbenga Ashiru, who spoke in Abuja, said the Nigerian situation has not fallen short of the principles of the United Nations Responsibility to Protect, which, among others, provides for international intervention with coercive measures if a state fails to protect its citizens from mass atrocities.