United Nations (UN) reform

African Group statement on UNSC reform

New York:  I am pleased to take the floor on behalf of the African Union Member States on this important subject matter. We thank you for convening this 9th Round of the Intergovernmental Negotiations in the informal plenary on the question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and other matters related to the Council. In the same vein, while we commend you for your continued efforts, we wish to congratulate you once more on your reappointment and to reassure you of our sustained cooperation and commitment towards moving the process forward in accordance with General Assembly decision 62/557. We take note of your opening remarks as well as the letter of the President of the General Assembly dated 10 December 2013 and the Non-Paper attached thereto.

UNSC reporting system, transparency: views by IBSA states

New York: Jeremiah Mamabolo (South Africa) said South Africa had seen some progress in the UN Security Council to increase its focus on improving its working methods.  Reports by the Council President had become more regular, and South Africa encouraged other Council members to provide such regular briefings.  South Africa was pleased that the Council had also widened the focus on itself to include regional and sub-regional bodies in wider debates, making the debates more structured and reflective.  The improved relationship between the Council and the African Union was an example of this and made possible progress in conflict areas such as Darfur, Mali and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  

Africa Arab summit: Kuwait declaration, resolutions, Palestine communique

Kuwait City:  Leaders of African and Arab countries who are meeting in the 3rd Africa Arab summit in Kuwait have adopted the following documents: the Kuwait Declaration, eight resolutions and the communique of the third Africa Arab summit on Palestine.

Speakers call for permanent Africa seat, enlargement by 2015

New York:  The expansion of the Security Council with more balanced and equitable representation, especially regarding Africa, had gained broad support among delegates, as the General Assembly concluded its debate on reform of the 15-member body. Responsibility for protecting the world’s citizens should not be held hostage by the Council’s permanent members, said the representative of Rwanda.  Negotiations on reform had been going on for too long, with some wondering if reform would be achieved in their lifetime.  Reforms should be implemented by 2015, he stressed, expressing hope that the next step would be text-based negotiations in a quest for a common position.

African views on the reform of the UNSC: the Ezulwini Consensus and the Sirte Declaration

New York:  Overhaul of the Security Council must include streamlined working methods and a broader, more representative membership that reflected geopolitical realities and prepared the body to fulfil its mandate of maintaining global peace and security, said delegates as the General Assembly began its debate on Council reform.

UN Assembly President urges States to embrace spirit of compromise on Security Council reform

New York:  The President of the General Assembly today urged Member States to embrace a spirit of compromise as they renewed their discussion of a topic that has eluded consensus for two decades – reform of the United Nations Security Council. “Our United Nations is – and must remain – a place where we reach compromise; a place of accommodation. The essence of the process of negotiations is compromise,” John Ashe told the 193-member Assembly as it began its annual consideration of equitable representation and an increase in the membership of the Council.

Security Council reform: statement by G4 foreign ministers

New York:   The Minister of External Relations of Brazil, the Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany, the Minister of External Affairs of India and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan met in New York on 26 September 2013, in the margins of the opening of the 68th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, to exchange views on Security Council reform. The Ministers underscored that, almost 70 years after the creation of the United Nations, reform of the Security Council is long overdue.

Liberate the Security Council

Paris: It has taken more than two years and 120,000 deaths in Syria for the United Nations Security Council to finally cease being paralysed by vetoes and to make a decision. France is dedicated to multilateralism and to the organisation at its heart, the United Nations; this institution representing the main instrument of global political regulation in favour of peace and security. But a UN stalemate that lasts for two years, entailing dramatic human consequences, cannot be accepted by the universal conscience.

IBSA: foreign ministers statement on its 10th anniversary

New York:  The Minister of External Affairs of the Republic of India, H.E. Mr. Salman Khurshid, the Minister of External Relations of the Federative Republic of Brazil, H.E. Ambassador Luiz Alberto Figueiredo Machado, and the Minister of International Relations and Cooperation of the Republic of South Africa, H.E. Ms. Maite Nkoana-Mashabane met in New York on 25 September 2013, on the margins of 68th Session of the United Nations General Assembly.    

India: "Multilateral efforts must guide our quest for peace and security"

New York:  Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India, said scepticism about the United Nations capacity to advance peace, security and prosperity was at an all-time high, while the environment for multilateralism was poor. The United Nations was at its most successful when adhering closely to the letter and spirit of its Charter, working consensually. Since its foundation, Asia and Africa had become independent, global interdependence had grown and the world faced new, complex challenges. Effective multilateralism needed effective multilateral institutions, and the Security Council needed reform and restructuring to reflect current political realities, with the inclusion of more developing countries as permanent and non-permanent members.


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